In simple terms aquaponics are eco systems that integrate three types of creatures: fish, bacteria and plants.
Fish and bacteria Logically lives in water (the Aqua life) and plants grow in water culture with s soil-less media (the ponics part).
This eco system simply works when fish is fed, the bacteria converts fish waste into usable elements for the plants, and the plant cleans the water from elements that harm the fish. The water is circulated in pipes or tanks, so that the same water is used for the three types of life.
Literally speaking, Aquaponics is putting fish to work as the main employee. It just so happens that the work those fish do (eating and producing waste), is the perfect fertiliser for growing plants. Fish can grow a lot of plants when they get to work!
One of the coolest things about aquaponics is that it mimics a natural ecosystem. Aquaponics represents the relationship between water, aquatic life, bacteria, nutrient dynamics, and plants which grow together in waterways all over the world.
Taking cues from nature, aquaponics harnesses the power of bio-integrating these individual components: Exchanging the waste by-product from the fish as a food for the bacteria, to be converted into a perfect fertiliser for the plants, to return the water in a clean and safe form to the fish. Just like mother nature does in every aquatic eco-system.
An Aquaponics system will require couple of pumps to flow the water between its different components and aeration (supply oxygen) to survive all creatures.